- The use of the wireless broadband became widespread in Australia having numerous point-to-point fixed wireless broadband providers
- There are two major types of broadband in Australia today available to homes and businesses - cable and fibre.
- Fibre Broadband is the fastest technology so far for connecting to the Internet.
Whenever you think about how the Internet invaded Australia, broadband would be the first thing that comes to mind. What is broadband? Well as you can guess, the word broadband is quite broad in the real sense of the word since it refers to the several ways Aussie people access the Internet. And talking about the Internet, we need to step back a little bit in time.
According to reports, Telstra and Optus rolled out separate cable Internet services particularly on the east coast sometime in the late 90’s. Using Motorola proprietary protocol, the first ever broadband service over hybrid fibre-coaxial (HFC) emerged in 1995. With the sprouting competition, telcos began creating faster broadbands.
In time, the bigger ISPs started to take control of the delivery infrastructure themselves by making money from the regulated access to the unconditioned local loop. This means that a carrier or Internet Service Provider is able to develop network capability for an assortment of services such as voice and ADSL. With that, costs were lowered significantly besides giving the ISPs total control of their own service networks except of course, the so-called copper pair which refers to the phone line from the exchange to the customer.
Gradually, the use of the wireless broadband became widespread in Australia having numerous point-to-point fixed wireless broadband providers servicing in regional and rural areas that are suffering from poor Internet service. In the early years, the delivery of cheap telecommunication services to the rural and regional places was a major problem but thanks to Telstra, the only telecommunications backhaul transmission infrastructure was provided. And so, broadband became a thing in the rural areas.
Evolution of the Broadband
Over two decades ago, the primary mode of Internet connection was the dialup and later on was replaced by the ADSL system. Today, we all know that these products are now a thing of the past. iiNet announced the first Naked DSL product in November 2007.
Subsequently, the ISPs also started to develop DSL products sans the telephony service over copper which largely decreased line rental fees. With the phasing out of the ADSL due to the rolling out of the nbn, there are two major types of broadband in Australia today available to homes and businesses - cable and fibre.
Its technical term is hybrid fibre-coaxial, actually a hybrid network of ultra-fast fibre optic cable and slower coaxial cables. These two-layered copper cables are exclusively designed and used to deliver radio signals like the Internet and cable TV. This implies that there will be no interference from phone signals.
The fastest technology so far for connecting to the Internet, the optical fibre is the backbone of the existing NBN being rolled out to millions of Aussie households up to today. Such pure fibre connection offers data speeds incredibly much faster than metal or hybrid connections. It has the ability to give hundreds of gigabits per second and on the average, up to 100Mbps. The drawback, of course, is the higher cost. However, the fibre cables only need less maintenance in the long run, so it’s still value for money.