• When choosing the right internet service provider
  • There are different types of fibre connections
  • Fixed wireless connection uses the same technology that is being used by mobile phones

When choosing the right internet service provider, it is important to gain knowledge of the different types of broadbands that are available in the market so you can better choose which suits you best.

 

While ADSL, ADSL2+ and Dial-ups might still be available in some parts of Australia, these are becoming obsolete and NBN is now the new type of broadband network that is currently taking over the country.  It is definitely faster and more reliable than the old ones. Let’s take a look at the different ways you can connect to the internet via NBN.



OPTICAL FIBRE

 

Optical Fibre is installed in your home using fibre-optic cable laid in the ground or in the overhead power lines.  When we hear about NBN, the first thing that sometimes comes to mind is “Fibre”.  There are different types of fibre connections:

 

  • Fibre to the Premises (FTTP) – it is where fibre optic cable is being laid all the way to your home.  A dedicated fibre-optic cable runs from a fibre distribution hub closest to you.  This is the best and fastest connection; however, it can also be the most expensive.

 

  • Fibre to the Curb (FTTC) – the fibre connection runs through an underground pit in your kerb or driveway connecting to your existing copper phone line

 

  • Fibre to the Node (FTTN) – this is the type of connection where a fibre optic cable is laid to a central point in your neighbourhood or at a node often found at the end of the street, then it is connected to the existing copper phone line in every home.  It is more affordable because it is easier and faster to install.

 

  • Fibre to the Basement (FTTB) – this is the kind of connection used for those who are living in multi-dwelling units, such as an apartment building.  Here, the fibre-optic cable is being laid in the central location of the building then connected to the existing copper phone line of every unit or apartment.



FIXED WIRELESS

Fixed wireless connection uses the same technology that is being used by mobile phones.  But instead of using satellite wireless connection, it uses a ground-based station that is optimised depending on the total number of users in the area.   It is available in a few rural areas for now.



SATELLITE

 

In satellite wireless connection, the signal or data is beamed to a dish that is installed in your home.  A signal is broadcast from NBN Co. before it is transmitted to you.  Usually, remote and regional parts of Australia use this kind of connection.  But data is very limited and speed is indeed not very good.



HYBRID FIBRE-COAXIAL (HFC) OR CABLE

 

Hybrid Fibre-Coaxial (HFC) uses the broadband technology of the cable you have on your TV.  It uses insulated wires though to reduce interference but upload speeds are bad and download speeds are also a problem during peak hours.